Psychological Impact of Adolescent Pregnancy in Developing Countries: A Scoping Review

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Maria de Fatima Moniz
Andari Wuri Astuti
Mohammad Hakimi


Background: The increasing prevalence of adolescent pregnancy is a concern, as it affects 17% of the world’s population. Adolescent pregnancy could potentially have significant psychological impacts, including shameful, fearness, depression, and even suicidal thoughts. Purpose: The aim of this scoping review was to analyze the psychological effects of adolescent pregnancy in developing countries based on evidences published previously. Method: This scoping review was using Arksey and O’Malley’s approach. PEOS framework was used for identifying review question. The literature search was conducted by using three primary databases: PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Wiley Online Library. Gray literature was searched through Google Scholar, and included evidences were critically appraised by using JBI and MMAT critical appraisal tools. Results: Based on the search results of 542 articles, 7 were selected. This review focuses on the psychological impact of teenage marriage, including depression, stress, low self-efficacy in becoming parents, stigma or social pressure, and uncertainty about the future. Adolescent pregnancy leading to a negative impact on mental health, depression, stress, and low self-confidence among prospective parents. These issues arise due to a lack of psychological readiness to face the challenges of marriage, lack of family support, marital conflict, community stigmatization, ostracism, and shame. Conclusion: Adolescent pregnancy has adverse psychological impact for mother, thus it  is necessary to initiate cross-sectoral work collaboration to provide health and social services as well as reducing stigma within family, peer, and community environment.

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How to Cite
Moniz, M. de F. ., Astuti, A. W., & Hakimi, M. (2024). Psychological Impact of Adolescent Pregnancy in Developing Countries: A Scoping Review. Women, Midwives and Midwifery, 4(2), 1-13.


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