Android-Based Education toward the Role of Postpartum Primipara Mothers in Fulfilling the Independent Perinium Care

Main Article Content

Werna Nontji
Dwi Kartika Sari
Sitti Maria Ulfa
Syafruddin Syarif
Inez Vravty Lestari
Nunung Aryiany
Ummul Khaer
Hasniah Hasniah
Herawati Herawati
Sumarni Syam


Background: Educating mothers during their postpartum period could potentially help them to overcome some important phases after giving birth. The process of education is evaluated based on the mothers’ knowledge about their independent self-care. Independency is an activity that is started individually and is done based on self-capability. The independency in the postpartum care is not only important to decrease the mother’s mortality and morbidity rate, but it is also crucial to strengthen and improve the post-partum mother’s healthy behavior during the perineal care. Providing education using Android-based application called BUBI Care could be potential to facilitate a more dynamic transfer of knowledge to the postpartum mothers.Aims: To analyze the knowledge, skills, and independence of primipara postpartum mothers in independent perineal care before and after accessing BUBI Care app. Research Method: employing quasi experimental research with pre-test and post-test design with control group design. The sample for this research were 19 pregnant mothers TM III (pregnancy age of ? 38 weeks) on each group. The treatment group was educated using BUBI Care Android app that was conducted at one of Public Health Center. The control group was educated without BUBI Care that was conducted at a Midwife Practice Clinic. The research was conducted on September to October 2020. Study Result: According to the Wilcoxon test, there was a difference in the pre-test knowledge of the treatment and control groups with the similar median of 53 and p-value of 0.666, the treatment group showed their scores improved to 80 on the post-test while the control group stayed at 53 with the p-value of 0.000. It means that BUBI Care app education influences the post-test. On the other hand, the perineal care skill saw a difference between the intervention and control groups. The intervention group had a mean of 70.05 and 56.68 for the control group with the p-value of 0.002 which means that there was an influence from the BUBI Care app education. Additionally, Mann Whitney test showed that the intervention group had a mean score of 78.95, but the control group only had 49.26, the total difference between the two are 29.69 with the p-value of 0.000. It can be concluded that there is a significance in difference in the independency rate from the provision of BUBI Care Android app education.Conclusion:  there is a significance effect on the intervention group in terms of Android based usage.

Article Details

How to Cite
Nontji, W., Sari, D. K., Ulfa, S. M. ., Syarif, S. ., Lestari, I. V. ., Aryiany, N. ., Khaer, U. ., Hasniah, H., Herawati, H., & Syam, S. (2021). Android-Based Education toward the Role of Postpartum Primipara Mothers in Fulfilling the Independent Perinium Care. Women, Midwives and Midwifery, 1(2), 55-67.


Approach, & Community-based. (2019). Human-Centered Design of Video-Based Health Education: An Corresponding Author. 21(1), 18–22.

Asmuji, & Indriyani. (2016). Model of Family Centered Maternity Care as an Optimization Strategy for Competent Mothering. 11.

Bahrami. (2013). The Effect of Prenatal Education on Mother’s Quality of Life during First Year Postpartum among Iranian Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Burapasikarin, Chada, Manonai, J., & Wattanayingcharoenchai., R. (2020). The Effect of an Educational Video on Long - Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) Utilization at 6 - 8 Weeks Postpartum Period: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Eliyanti. (2017). Midwefery Care In The Post Partum Mothers With Nipple Blisters In Bpm Suhartini, Sst Sub-District Diwek Of Jombang District) Erda Eliyanti, Mudhawaroh, Hexawan Tjahja Widada Stikes Jombang Regency Government Email. 3(2).

Fitriani. (2019). Cultivating Children’s Independence through Learning at Sentra Balok.

Ghiasvand. (2017). The effect of a self-care program based on the teach back method on the postpartum quality of life.

Komariah, E. (2018). The Influence of Health Education Regarding Postpartum Mother Care with Sesaria Section on Ability.

Marculino, & Eryjosy. (2016). Educational Technologies to Encourage (Self) Care in Postpartum Women. 69(3), 545–553.

Mbombi, Thopola, M., Kgole, J., & Phil, D. (2017). Puerperas’ Knowledge Regarding Postpartum Exercises in a Tertiary Hospital in the Capricorn District of Limpopo Province, South Africa. 23(1), 4–7.

Meiliawati. (2018). The Effect of Toddler Development Disability Screening Training and Education on the Knowledge and Skills of Toddler Posyandu Cadres. Diponegoro University.

Mirzaee, Khadijeh, Ghadikolaee, Oladi, S., Shakeri, & Taghi, M. (2015). Maternal Knowledge on Postpartum Care in Healthcare Centers of Mashhad, Iran in 2013.

Mirzaee, Khadijeh, Ghadikolaee, S. O., & Shakeri., M. T. (2015). Maternal Knowledge on Postpartum Care in Healthcare Centers of Mashhad, Iran in 2013.

Missiriya. (2016). knowledge and practices of postnatal mothers regarding personal hygiene and newborn care, international journal of pharmaceutical sciences. 40(1).

Mubarak. (2012). Public Health Sciences. Salemba Medika.

Notoatmodjo. (2012). Health Promotion and Health Behavior. PT. Rineka Cipta.

Nur. (2020). The Smart Book Effect of Pregnancy - Postpartum Care towards the Husband’s Knowledge and Reduction of Reproductive Health Problems. 22(2), 133–139.

nursalam. (2015). Nursing Research Methodology. Salemba Medika.

Rohim. (2017). Risk Factors Affecting Duration of Perineal Wound Healing in Post Partum Mothers. Journal of Health, 8(3).

sukmarani. (2018). Publication Manuscripts of the Implementation of Health Education for Perineal Wound Care in Mothers. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 7(8).

Tara Shah. (2016). “Knowledge And Practice Regarding Postnatal Care Among Mothers Residing In Selected Slum Area Of Dharan, Nepal”, International Journal Of Health And Medicine.

Tulas, & Prety. (2017). The Relationship between Perineal Wound Care and Personal Hygiene Behavior of Post Partum Mothers at Pancaran Kasih Gmim Manado Verby Hospital. 5.

Wendari, & Febri. (2013). The Health Effect of Postpartum Exercise on Primiparous Knowledge About Postpartum Exercise in the Lubuk Buaya Health Center Work Area. [11] Sukmarani s. 2018. "Publication Manuscripts of the Implementation of Health Education for Perineal Wound Care in M.

wibowo. (2017). The effect of health education on knowledge about postpartum breast care in third trimester pregnant women at pajang Surakarta health center.

Yugistyowati, & Anafrin. (2013). The Effect of Postpartum Health Education on the Self-Care Ability of Post-Sectio Caesarea (SC) Post-Sectio Mother. 1(3), 96–100.

Yuniar. (2016). The Relationship between Knowledge and Motivation Levels on the Independence of Postpartum Mother in Self-Care during Early Postpartum. Diponegoro University.

Zhang. (2018). Molecular Phylogeny of the Ficus auriculata Complex (Moraceae). Phytotoxa.

Zhang, & Yongwen. (2018). Effectiveness of Systematic Health Education Model for Type 2.