Risk Factor That Influence Sexual Behavior on Adolescents in Bekasi City

Main Article Content

Heriza Syam
Siti Masitoh


Background : Teenagers in Indonesia aged 10-19 years, 79.5% of whom are internet users, 52% have found pornographic content, either through advertisements or sites that do not offer it and 14% who claim to have accessed pornographic content voluntarily. Megan et al stated that the increased frequency of use of social media the greater the likelihood of having sex.

Purpose:  to analyze risk factor that influence sexual behavior in adolescents.

Methods The mixed methods research methodology combines qualitative and quantitative research. The research design is a concurrent embedded design, collecting quantitative and qualitative data at one time, where qualitative data serves as a support. The research sample is 100 people. Univariate and bivariate analysis with Spearman correlation test.

Result : There’a 55 % of youth in bekasi enagage in risk sexual behavior.  there are differences in risk sexual behavior between male and female adolescents (p=0.049), negative influence from peers (p=0.002) and less harmonious family (p=0.004) on the occurrence of risky sexual behavior. There is a relationship between the frequency of using social media (p=0.033) and the length of time using social media (p=0.013); with risky sexual behavior Risk sexual behavior begins with nasty chats, then continues with nude videos that eventually lead to premarital sex.

Conclusion: Boys are more likely to engage in risk sexual behavior than girls in Bekasi City. Peers and families who are less harmonious contribute to the occurrence of risk sexual behavior in adolescents. Unwise use of social media tends to have a negative effect on increasing risk sexual behavior.

Article Details

How to Cite
Syam, H., Winancy, & Masitoh, S. (2022). Risk Factor That Influence Sexual Behavior on Adolescents in Bekasi City. Women, Midwives and Midwifery, 2(2), 25-34. Retrieved from http://wmmjournal.org/index.php/wmm/article/view/64



Bleakley, Hennessy, Fishbein, & Jordan. (2008). It works both ways: The relationship between exposure to sexual content in the media and adolescent sexual behavior. Media Psychology, 11(4), 443–461. https://doi.org/10.1080/15213260802491986

Bleakley, Hennessy, Fishbein, & Jordan. (2011). Using the integrative model to explain how exposure to sexual media content influences adolescent sexual behavior. Health Education and Behavior, 38(5), 530–540. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198110385775

Coyne, Ward, Kroff, Davis, Holmgren, Jensen, Erickson, & Essig. (2019). Contributions of Mainstream Sexual Media Exposure to Sexual Attitudes, Perceived Peer Norms, and Sexual Behavior: A Meta-Analysis. In Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(4), 430–436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2018.11.016

Darnoto. (2016). Hubungan Penggunaan Smartphone Dengan Perilaku Seksual Remaja. http://repository.unej.ac.id/handle/123456789/75720

Furwasyih. (2014). Hubungan Frekuensi Keterpaparan Informasi Erotis Di Televisi Dan Internet Dengan Perilaku Seksual Remaja Dalam Berpacaran Di Smk Satya Widya Kota Surabaya Tahun 2011.

Gaskin, Longhurst, & Anoshiravani. (2012). Internet access and attitudes toward online personal health information among detained youth. Pediatrics, 130(5), 914–917. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-1653

Hanifa, & Wulan. (2017). Hubungan Media Sosial Dengan Persepsi Remaja Tentang Kesehatan Reproduksi Menurut Wilayah Perkotaan Dan Perdesaan Di Yogyakarta. Jurnal Bumi Indonesia, 1(1–13).

Health, M. of, & Welfare, L. and. (2019). Junyu/rinyu no shien gaido (Guide to support breastfeeding and weaning) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. https://www.mhlw.go.jp/content/11908000/000496257.pdf

Laanpere, M., Rahu, K., Part, K., Dubikaytis, T., & Karro, H. (2012). Ethnic differences in factors associated with the use of contraception among 20- to 44-year-old women in Estonia and St. Petersburg, Russia. Contraception, 86(2), 132–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2011.11.021

Landry, Gonzales, Wood, & Vyas. (2013). New media use and sexual behavior among Latino adolescents. American Journal of Health Behavior, 37(3), 422–430. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.37.3.15

Lestari, N. D., Ningrum, E. Q., & Anggraini, K. P. T. (2020). Determinant analysis of bullying among school-age children in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Journal of Health Technology Assessment in Midwifery, 3(1).

Mlotshwa, L., Manderson, L., & Merten, S. (2017). Personal support and expressions of care for pregnant women in Soweto, South Africa. Global Health Action, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/16549716.2017.1363454

Nwagwu. (2007). The Internet as a source of reproductive health information among adolescent girls in an urban city in Nigeria. BMC Public Health, 7(357), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-354

Romo, Garnett, Younger, Stockwell, Soren, Catallozzi, & Neu. (2017). Social Media Use and its Association with Sexual Risk and Parental Monitoring among a Primarily Hispanic Adolescent Population. Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, 30(4), 466–473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2017.02.004

Saifuddin. (2012). Buku Acuan Nasional Pelayanan Kesehatan Maternal dan Neonatal. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo.

Steel, Adams, Sibbritt, Broom, Frawley, & Gallois. (2014). Relationship between complementary and alternative medicine use and incidence of adverse birth outcomes: An examination of a nationally representative sample of 1835Australian women. Midwifery.

Stephens, Ryan, & Cunningham. (2013). Information-seeking behavior of adolescent orthodontic patients. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 143(3), 303–309. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2012.10.018

Suparmi, & Isfandari. (2016). Peran Teman Sebaya terhadap Perilaku Seksual Pranikah pada Remaja Laki-Laki dan Perempuan di Indonesia. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan, 44(2), 139–146. https://doi.org/10.22435/bpk.v44i2.5457.139-146

Supriati, & Fikawati. (2008). Efek Paparan Pornografi Pada Remaja Smp Negeri Kota Pontianak Tahun 2008. Makara, Sosial Humaniora, 13(1), 48–56.

UNICEF, & KOMINFO. (2014). Riset Kominfo dan UNICEF Mengenai Perilaku Anak dan Remaja Dalam Menggunakan Internet. SIARAN PERS KOMINFO. https://kominfo.go.id/content/detail/3834/siaran-pers-no-17pihkominfo22014-tentang-riset-kominfo-dan-unicef-mengenai-perilaku-anak-dan-remaja-dalam-menggunakan-internet/0/siaran_pers

Yutifa, Pristiana, Dewi, & Misrawati. (2015). Hubungan Paparan Pornografi Melalui Elektronik Terhadap Perilaku Seksual Remaja. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa, 2(2), 1141–1148.